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Language Spoken

The various dialect of the Rajasthani language was originated because of the deformation of the orthographical peculiarities and the linguistic language with passing years. The period of British raj was a total destruction era for the Rajasthani literature. However, the language started prospering recently because of the role played by hundreds of writers and poets who use the lingua franca of Rajasthani language as their route. The literature of folk is very rich and diverse in nature and it is widely used in the form of folk songs.  Also popular folklores, proverbs, witty sayings, riddles and highly treasured folk-plays called as “Khayals”.

The most commonly employed language of Rajasthan is Marwari, widely in use in and round the district of Jodhpur. There are also mixed language of Marwari which is broadly used in Jalore, Barmer, Pali and portion of Nagpur district. In the eastern region, it affects the dialects of the Jaisalmer district.  Bikaner, Sikar, Churu and Jhunjhunu districts located in the northern region are also affected by Marwaru, whereas in the northwest zone, it is used along with Punjabi in the Ganganagar district.

Mewari is originally the east form of the Marwari that is spoken often in the southeast of the earlier princely Mewar state, which is composed of Bhilwara, Udaipur and Chittorgarh districts and their neighboring places. The language spoken in the western region of Jaisalmer, Barmer, Parkar and Thar areas of the earlier Sind is known as Thali in the northern zone and Dhatak in the western zone. In the region of Bikaner, it is known as Bikaneri whereas in the northeastern portion of Churu, it is called as Bagri.

Jaipurior Dhundhari gains the second position on the basis of usage and are employed in the districts of Jaipur, kota, Tonk and Bundi, portion of Kishangarh, Jhalawar and Ajmer. Mewati is a dialect under the Jaipuri to the northeast zone which gains the form of Braja Bhasha in the region of Bharatpur. Mewati is originally the language of the earlier Mewat, the residence of the Meos. Dang is an additional sub-dialect of Braja Bhasa in the region of Sawai Madhopur and Karauli and that of Malvi and Bundeli in the region of Jhalawar and the southern zone of kota. The language of Kishangarhi is used in Kishangarh region and Ajmeri is spoken in Ajmer. Harauti is the dialect employed in Bundi and Kota region, which is also used in the Tonk and Jhalwar districts.

Malvi of the earlier Malwa dialect is widely used in the districts of Kota and Jhalawar. The Bundeli is spoken in Narsinghpur and central parts of Hoshangabad whereas Marathi is used in Berar and Nemadi language of Rajasthani is used in the northern part of Nimach and Bhansawar. The population of Bhil spoke in Bhili which is almost same as that of Dungarpur’s and Banswara’s Bagria type of Rajasthani with a slight difference in their pronunciation. However, the structure of the language is same for both the dialects.


This language is widely spoken among five million people in Sriganga nagar and Hanuman garh districts of Rajasthan state, Hissar and Sirsa districts of state of Haryana, Muktsar and Firozepur districts of the Punjab state in India and also the Bahawal nagar and Bahawalpur areas of the Punjab state of Pakistan country.


This language is spoken by approximately three million people in the districts of Churu, Sikar and Jhunjhunu of Rajasthan state.


The sub-dialect of Dhundhari known as Hadoati is widely used in Kota, Baran, Bundi and Jhalawar. The populations of these regions are equally influenced by the Marwari and Guajarati comprising of about 4 million users of this language.


This language is variably used in the North-western region of Alwar-Bharatpur and region of Gurgaon. The dialect is greatly influenced by the Brij language.


This dialect is commonly used in the southern region of Mewar. The language is mostly influenced by Gujarati language.

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