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Majority of lands in Jaipur is a desert, in spite of this; the region has achieved enormous growth in the recent years in the fields of infrastructure and agriculture. This state carries a rich culture and heritage with few of the renowned Indian emperors generated from this region of our country and is popular for fragility all over the world. The people of Rajasthan follow their own style of life and their folk song and dance is well known all over the world.

The majority of people residing in Rajasthan are Rajasthani’s with their population of about 68,621,012. The population of Rajasthan mainly comprises of Hindus, who report for 88.8% of the total population. The population of Muslims is about 8.5%, Jains 1.2% and Sikhs of about 1.4%. The Rajasthan state also inhabits small population of Sindhis who relocated to Rajasthan from the province of Sindh (presently in Pakistan) during the period of India-Pakistan partition in 1947.

Rajasthani is the major spoken language of the Rajasthan state however; its constitutional status is still pending. English and Hindi are also in use but for official functions. The language is used by 13 million populations in Rajasthan and also other states in India. There are also many tribal languages used inside the Rajasthan state. Other languages that are in use include Sindhi, Gujarathi and Punjabi.

Largest Cities of Rajasthan with Population

  • Jaipur- 30,73,349
  • Udaipur- 11,51,735
  • Ajmer- 5,42,580
  • Sriganganagar-3,70,768
  • Bhilwara- 3,60,009
  • Jodhpur- 10,33,918
  • Bikaner- 6,47,804
  • Alwar- 3,15,310
  • Bharatpur - 2,52,109
  • Kota- 10,01,365

Population of Rajasthan

The population range of Rajasthan is about 7, 10, and 41,283. About ninety percent of the population of Rajasthan is made of Hindu population whereas Muslims constitute the largest minority population with 8 % of the total population. Jains who are the traders and merchants of Rajasthan make a significant presence. Schedule Tribes (ST) and Schedule Castes (SC) constitute approximately 12% and 70 % of the state population. This population of tribes in the Rajasthan state is almost double the national average, with the real occupants Bhils and Meenas comprising the largest group. Least popular tribes like Damariyas, Sahariyas, Lohars, Garasias still constitute a significant group.

The population of Bhils is highly concentrated in the regions around Udaipur, Chittorgarh and Durgarpur towards the southern region of the state comprising a significant 39 % of the state’s total tribal population. Being well known warriors with excellent inherent guerilla tactics, their refined skills in archery has gained a special mention in the great Hindu epics of Ramayana and the Mahabharata. With enhanced communication and fast growth in their economy, the population of Bhil’s is gradually changing their original style of hunting and forming their own community close to the mainstream.

Following Bhils, the Meenas form the second largest population of tribals and the most broadly distributed throughout the eastern Rajasthan. Majority of Meenas are basically cultivators and worshipper of Lord Shiva. There is also another itinerant community called Rabari or Raika which is then divided into two groups namely camel breeders (Marus) and breeders of sheep (Chakias). The Gurjars present in the eastern region of the Rajasthan state include Alwar, Jaipur, bharatpur and Kota area predominately.

There are several local language and also regional variations in the state of Rajasthan. Among them, Marwari is the dominate language in Rajasthan. Majority of people in Rajasthan make use of Hindi as their official speaking language. Whereas, English is broadly used by people who are involved in business and hospitality industry.

Sex Ration of Rajasthan

There is no direct link between the sex ratio in Rajasthan and the overall growth and development of the state. The present sex ratio with 926 females for 1000 males is comparatively less than the other states like Karnataka and Kerala in India. As per the latest value, there are only ten districts in the state of Rajasthan where the sex ratio crosses 900. Actually, the sex ratio in Rajasthan has been considerably decreased in the last twenty years raising a serious alarm for the government and agencies.

Literacy rate in Rajasthan

The present literacy rate of Rajasthan stands at 67.1 percent which is less when compared to the overall literacy rate of the country which holds the value of 74 percent. Government is doing its best to increase the literacy rate of Rajasthan as it was considerably low in the last twenty years.

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