In the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, music and dance has extremely aged roots. These old basis can be seen in several antique historical books such in Rajtarangini which was printed by a prince known as Kalhana and he wrote it in 12th century AD. The traditional music of Jammu and Kashmir is supposed to be prejudiced from Central Asia. From Central Asia, Kashmiris have accepted various musical instruments. Music and Sufiana Kalam are particularly accredited to Iran. Kashmiri is entirely dissimilar from the music played in rest of India.

Music of Maharajahs

The music in Jammu and Kashmir was fostered by its citizens. The most accepted melodious instruments are rabab, santoor, nagara, sitar and tumbakhnar. Harmonium or Santoor is played widely by the musicians and it is convoyed by dehar (troupe). The musicians sit in a semi circle form whereas the audiences assemble in front of them. Tumbakhnar is the merely and most admired tool that is performed by women in marriage parties. In Kashmir if anyone contributes in marriage ceremony then they will discover women singing tumbakhnar along with beats. This Tumbahnar music is much similar to dolak. In Kashmir Sufiana Music is admired among the Kashmiri mystics because they consider it as the essence of Kashmiri music.

Kashmiri Music

Kashmir music replicates the wealthy melodic heritage and enlightening inheritance of the state. Moreover this state is blessed with surplus of superb performing arts. These are evident in form of expressive dramas and dance, enthralling folk musical songs and exclusive dance steps. Jammu and Kashmir music reflects the varied district culture along with enriched and enchanting folk traditions of the antique times. Unaltered and Unaffected by quick industrialization and altering contemporary times, Jammu and Kashmir’s traditional folk music abides ruins to the wealthy enriching heritage. The tradition and history of dance and music in Kashmir valley goes reverse to thousands years. There are few chief forms of the customary Kashmiri music along with several Kashmiri folk songs and they are as follows:-


This music form is executed with the assist of Sarangi, Garaha and Rabab. Chakri has incorporated harmonium in their presentation. This music form is one of the most admired forms of Kashmir tradition. Moreover this music form depicts the melodic custom of folk music and this has been developed in the Kashmir valley. Chakri really upholds the tradition of ethnicity and arts in the position. The Kashmiri people are quite trendy for outstanding a multi intellectual past and thus this music form brings an excellent conclusion of musical record of the valley.

The musical accompaniments some instruments such as Garaha, Rabab and Sarangi. The folk inhabitants of Kashmir perform this music form.  Furthermore Chakri is measured unfinished without the appropriate hold of melodic instruments. As this Chakri holds historical relevance but still today it has gone through few minor deviations. The fundamental flavor and theme of Chakri is still unbroken and therefore it shows the fervor of Jammu and Kashmir traditions aficionados. Jammu and Kashmir has been lined by numerous dynasties since from antique ages. From Mughal Empires to Hindu Kings, this state has stayed a critical ruling land. Although the sovereignty period of those powerful Kings have ruined lengthy back, yet the proofs have continued on Jammu and Kashmir land in the figure of enriching burlesque. Chakri is a genuine sign of that extremely spirit and of creative genre which once thrived amidst the green valleys. Tourists who visit from diverse parts of world, explores the unbelievably thrilled magnificence’s of it. They often get enthralled by the harmonious atmosphere which is shaped by Chakri.


Ladishah music is the most significant music and it widely played in parts of Kashmir. Moreover this music form is even known for it’s ironically form of singing. The songs that are sung in it basically resonates the political conditions. From village to village, the singers travel and perform it. Furthermore this music form is played during the reaping period. The songs in this music form are composed on the mark and they are related on issues of village, be it social, cultural or political.

Sufiana Music

Sufi Music or Sufians musiqui owes straightforwardly to Kashmiri introduction. In Kashmir valley, Sufiana music enthralls its spectators. With the channel of moment, this music form added a numeral of Indian ragas. The Kashmiri melody of Sufiana type is also extremely harmonious. This music utilizes Sitar, Kashmiri Saz, Santoor, Sitar, Tabla and Wasool. The dance type of Hafiz Nagma is performed and is must watch when Sufiana music is performed.

Bazam-e-Sufiana was a blend of meditation, prayer and message of peace. It has roots in Kashmir and people believe that this movement started from Kashmir and spread all over the subcontinent. The Sufism seeds in Kashmir were propagated in 1320 AD. This seeds were sown by great Hazarat Bulbulshah. Also other grand saints passed it onward and then the position was executed by Sufi saints such as Lal Ded and Hazarat Sheikh-ul-Alam.

Hafiz Nagma

Hafiz Nagma is a part of Sufiana classical Music. This music form makes utilize of Santoor which is a hundred stringed tools and is played with help of sticks. A female dancer is attended by a number of males when this music form is played with instruments

Song of Habba Khatoon

The princess of Kashmir was Habba Khatoon. This song reveals her feelings at the occasion when she was alienated from the King Yusuf.

Modern Kashmir Songs

Nowadays Kashmir Music has altered to newest Rap, Rock and even Disco formats but still it holds the conventional Flavor and vividness.

Kashmir Santoor Music

The Kashmiri Santoor Music shows the wealthy melodic tradition and conventional culture. It is a classical form of music and is played widely in Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmiri Santoor melodious compositions enthrall and enchant the viewers with its appealing songs.

Jammu And Kashmir State has a stunning performing art which is known as Kashmiri Santoor Music. This music depicts the exclusive harmonious traditions of the region. The conventional melodious instrument that is Santoor is typically manufactured from walnut. Additionally this Kashmiri Santoor has rectangular shape and even it resides abundant strings which are attached to the melodic instrument. The charming tune of the Santoor which is a traditional instrument fills the spectators with an extreme intellect of enjoyment and contentment. In addition it is performed and played on special celebratory occasions. Santoor which is Kashmiri instrument play such kind of music that displays the artistic leaning of the native local population.

Although this music form has glorious antique era but still the classical and professional singers and musicians has gained recognition in the international stadium as well. Moreover it has places an important division of the edifying past of magnificent antique times. Even the singers and composers of Santoor Kashmiri music perform it with complete devotion. The captivating harmonious note of Santoor Kashmiri music provides the spectators a release from strains and stress of daily ordinary life. The stunning symphonies of Santoor Kashmiri music depict the potentialities of the choirs of the state.


Hindus are chiefly prejudiced by classical Indian music therefore this music form is executed by them. In this music form they make use of instruments such as Sitar. A famous Sangeet Ratnakara was written by Sarangadeva who was a Kashmiri. The melodic instruments are discovered and stated in the initial texts like the Rajatarangini and Nilmatapurana by Kalhana. According to the Kashmiri fact, Abhinavagupta who was the great philosopher has printed an explanation which is known as Abhinavabharati. This is based on Bharata's Natyashatra shows and it was written in order to give it importance. The most admired folk tool is Santoor which has hundred strings and it is a percussion instrument. This instrument is played by Goddess Sharada. This Goddess is regarded as the goddess of learning and art in ancient Kashmir.


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