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Government And Administration

Since independence, Punjab’s development can very well be seen and hence, it is considered to be “Indian Granary”. For administration’s ease, districts are established out of Punjab, which are 20 in number, and are namely: Bhatinda, Fatehgarh, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Mogha, Nawanshahr, Ropar, TarnTaran, Barnala, Amritsar, Faridkot, Ferozepur, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Mansa, Muktsar, Patiala, Mohali and Sangrur. Presently the Chief Minister of Punjab is Sardar Prakash Singh Badal. Punjab’s Governor is Gen. (Retd.) S.F Rodrigues.

Punjab’s Government has the right of governance in Punjab state as well as its districts, which are 22. Punjab’s Governor leads executive council, a lawmaking branch and a bench of judges.

As other Indian states have, Punjab too has a Governor, who heads the state and the Indian President appoints him as advised by the government at Centre. The Governor is appointed through a ceremony by President of India. The government is headed by its Chief Minister, who has almost all the powers of execution. Punjab’s capital is Chandigarh and has a Legislative Assembly, called Vidhan Sabha and also a secretariat. Chandigarh is also Haryana’s capital and Indian Union Territory. The High Court of Haryana and of Punjab too, is situated in their capital, Chandigarh, and its order applies in the entire state.

Punjab’s Legislative Assembly is presently unicameral and there are Members of Legislative Assembly, or M.L.A, which are 117. Its tenure is of 5 years, until and unless not dissolved.

Cabinet Ministers

For the Cabinet Ministers list, refer to the link given below:,_India

Punjab Government Departments

The various Punjab Government Departments are as follows:

  • Agriculture
  • Architecture
  • Culture, Archaeology & Museums
  • Cane Commissioner
  • Employment Department
  • Food and Supplies & Consumer Affairs Department
  • Removal of Grievances
  • Health & Family Welfare
  • Jails Department
  • Labour
  • Local Government
  • Directorate of Pension & Welfare of Pensioners
  • Planning
  • Punjab Transport (Commercial Wing )
  • Punjab Transport (Non Commercial wing)
  • Punjab Urban Planning and Development Authority (PUDA)
  • Punjab Home Guards
  • Public Works Department (PWD) (Bridge & Roads)
  • Public Works Department (PWD) (Public Health)
  • Rural Development
  • Sainik Welfare
  • Excise & Taxation
  • Social Welfare
  • Social Security and Women & Child Development
  • Welfare Department for SCs & BCs
  • Technical Education
  • Finance
  • Prosecution & Litigation
  • Information of Language Department
  • Punjab Legal Services Authority
  • Irrigation
  • Town & Country Planning
  • Homeopathic Department Punjab
  • Higher Education
  • Department of Soil & Water Conservation
  • Directorate of Disinvestment, Punjab
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Department
  • Ayurvedic Department
  • Department of Information Technology

Political Parties in Punjab

Punjab lies in North India and is considered to be Indian Granary. As in other Indian states, politics here also, plays an important role.

Almost every party in politics wishes to hold a certain political position in the state as Punjab is among the booming industrial states. Punjab’s Constituencies include: Amritsar, Jullundur, Hoshiarpur, Patiala, Sangrur, Faridkot, Tarn Taran, Ferozepur, Phillaur, Ropar, Ludhiana, Bhatinda and Gurdaspur. These are the constituencies from where the parties in politics contest in elections.

The Political Parties of Punjab are divided into: National level parties in politics and the other State level parties in politics. The National level parties of Punjab can contest in elections in entire India. There are a number of National level parties in Punjab, they are Bhartiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party, among others. On the other hand, the State level parties can take part in elections in a certain state. A few of them are Shiromani Akali Dal of Simranjit Singh Mann and Shiromani Akali Dal. These parties in Punjab try to resolve the issues or problems, and work on the development of society and its language.

Municipal Corporations in Punjab

List of Municipal Corporations in Punjab

Ludhiana District

Patiala District

Amritsar District

Jalandhar District

Bhatinda District

Mohali District

Moga District

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