Cities and Destinations In Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir stand as an famous tourist destination based in the northern part of India. People are passionate about visiting the location every now and then. The weather remains pleasant all the year round, and this is one of the several reasons of visiting the spot. Jammu stands with all pictorial significance, and for you Kashmir is the perfect heaven on earth. Snow covered peaks and fast moving rivers certainly offer a wonderful experience for the tourists. People normally like visiting the part of the world primarily during the summer months of the year.

On the basis of geography, Jammu and Kashmir is perfectly divided into three major destinations- Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh. Visiting all parts of the state with the same vigor and ease is so very challenging. Climbing mountains rowing across the river and stepping out to have a fantastic view of the peaks are some of the essentialities worth enjoyment.

The kind of warmth received at the place is beyond imagination. In fact, here you have the very best things to watch out. The food of the place is too good to lull your appetite. Living in the boat houses is an experience so unique and different from the rest. In fact, there is no scope for you to feel dull and boring. Every moment of your stay is filled with the bests of excitements. You will just love living in the state for its picturesque excellence.


Jammu is noted as the Northern Province, and the place is renowned for the congregation of temples and ashrams. People love the city of Jammu for its pleasurable calmness. Cultures vary in both Ladakh and Kashmir. Here lies the line of control causing the demarcation of Pakistan and India. One more reason which encourages people to visit Jammu is the famous Vaishno Devi Temple. You find the shine housed within a cave and this makes it so special and worth receiving dedication.

Do you know about the Pir Panjal Range? This one with its snow capped beauty is a must to visit the area. This is the range where you would find a transition being caused between the plains of Punjab and the Himalayas in the north. This causes unification of the forest and the mountains. In the extreme south of Jammu, you have the longstanding Shivalik Hills, and you have the three most important rivers of Tawi, Ravi and Chenab making their ways towards the direction.

Jammu has got its name from Jambu Locan. Jambu was known to be the brother of Bahu. The latter was famous as a chieftain, and he was very eminent locally especially in the 19th century. It was during 1730 AD Jammu was given shape by the Dogra rulers, and they made Jammu as their capital. The place was perfectly adorned with innumerable shrines and temples and based on this Jammu is much celebrated as the Temple City. Some of the best temples found at the place are Ranbireshwar Temple, Panchbakhtar Temple, the Peer Kho Temple and the most renowned Raghunath Temple. These are temples standing with their specialties for more than hundred years. You would love to identify the place as the winter capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.


A huge part of the state is formed by Kashmir, and here one is sure to find the collection of several valleys. Srinagar is the capital of Jammu & Kashmir and this one too is situated in Kashmir itself. People love adorning the place for its growth of juicy apples, and you even find the most notable saffron fibers.

Sitting by the Dal Lake and admiring the adjacent beauty is a real pass time in Kashmir. In fact, Dal is considered to be the most beautiful Lake in India. The lake remains covered with ice for the best part of the year, and this is surely one of the reasons why the tourists are passionate in matters of visiting the place. Once the ice starts melting, the lake becomes the centre of some water based activities and here you can even live at the boat houses and feel great and special.

Due to immense scenic beauty, Jammu remains a potential spot for tourists. You would find several parts of Kashmir being ruled and administered by China, India and Pakistan. You find armed forces scattered at different parts of the place for the best restoration of peace and tranquility.

The valley has a tectonic curving and this makes it so unique and interesting. Kashmir is considered to be a longitudinal depression, and it is said to have a perfect base in the North West portion of the Himalayan Range. The altitude of Kashmir is 1590 meters, and it has latitude of 23-4' and 37-6 'North, and the longitudinal position is 72-31' and 77-30' East. The valley is characteristically oval in shape. The length of the place bears a parallel axis towards the direction of the mountains which forms the border. However, the collections of the bordering ranges include The Middle Mountains, The Himalayas, The Ladakh, The Shivaliks, The Pir Panjal, the Zanaskar, and the most known Karakoram Range.

Kalhana the creator of Rajtarangini opines that Emperor Ashoka during the time of the 3rd Century BC founded the state of Srinagar. However, Srinagar what we know today was given form by Pravarasena II. It was in 630 AD when Huen Tsang came to Kashmir, and once you go through the description presented by him, you would find everything just the same now. When talking about Hindu rulers in Kashmir, the name of Laltaditya Muktapida deserves special mention. However, this kind of sovereignty ended at the time of 1339 AD.

From 1420 to 1470, King Zain-ul-Abidin who was popularly known as Badshah adorned the place. He is known to have taken great interest in Sanskrit. When the Mughals were in rule Akbar came and captured the place. Akbar enhanced the beauty and glamour of the place by establishing mesmerizing mosques and gardens. At the time when Maharaja Ranjit Singh was ruling Kashmir in the year 1819, the Sikhs were successful in overthrowing the last and the remaining Islamic monarch. In the year 1846, the treaty of Amritsar happened according to which the Dogras can easily secure the dominion of Kashmir from the ruling British. However, in the year 1947, it was declared that Jammu and Kashmir would be a part of the collected Indian Territory with Srinagar as its capital.

Previously, Kashmir was considered as a vast lake area, and its mythological name was Satt e Sar. In the course of time, the place got drained when the depth of the Baramulla - Khadiniyar gorge enhanced. The valley appears to be marvelous due to the presence of wonderful lakes, and the other attractions of the place are fresh water streams, beautiful lush and dense forests, thick meadows, delicious fruits, and with enormous mountain ranges you can never deny this heaven like experience on earth. You even find the presence of other stunning physical features like the margins or the mountain downs, and among these the Gulmarg is the most prominent. However, you can even refer to Yousmarg, Sonamarg and the rest. Kashmir even has some of the most renowned valleys and these are Lidder Valley, Lolab Valley, Dachigam Valley, Gurez Valley, Sindh Valley, Bangus Valley, Gulmarg Valley, Yousmarg Valley and the rest.


The Ladakh stands at a height of 3000 meters from the level of the sea, and this holds some of the essential mountain passes. Thus, Ladakh was chosen as a crucial route for trading and this one was perfectly annexed to Northern Asia with Europe and also with portions of South East Asia.

You find the armed forces being posted at all places of Ladakh as it forms more or less the complete range of the Himalayas. Travelers would never let go a sight of the place as Ladakh is considered to be unbelievably beautiful. Once you visit the Leh and the Kargil area you would find the best of scenic locales, and you can use the backgrounds for unusual photographic moments. These are sure to make your trip to Ladakh memorable and special.

You find Ladakh located just at the tip of the western Tibetan plateau region. It is bounded by the all-pervasive Karakoram Mountain ranges. Due to several climatic hazards you find that the particular locale of Ladakh has been best sculpted and changed to form a wonderful shape. It is in reality splendid to find how a natural process of erosion that can typically shape a part of the earth. The altitude of Ladakh ranges between 9000 to 25, 000 feet. Here, you find the best of mountainous chains including the Zanaskar Range and even the Ladakh Range. This place is rightly denoted as “the broken moonland”. It is even referred to as the “land of endless discovery”.

Ladakh is a high altitude desert, and the place is fantastically separated and secluded from rain bearing clouds as characterized by the Indian monsoon. Such a condition is caused due to the barricade formed by the Great Himalayas. There was a point of time when Ladakh was rightly enclosed by the best of the lake system. You find signs of the same on the south-eastern plateau of Chushul and Rupshu. This is the area where you find the drainage lakes and basins of Pangong-tso, Tso-moriri and Tso-kar. However, the main source of water is absolutely the snowfall during the winter season.

When it is winter time the Zanskar, Suru and Dras valleys on the Himalayan Mountains especially the northern portions surely receive tremendous snow particularly at the time of winter. In the process, the glaciers are being fed by the melted water of the adjacent streams. This is the best way the nearby fields are being appositely irrigated especially at the time of summer. For the entire region, the snow on the mountain peaks acts as major water source. When it is time for harvesting, here the farmers do not hope for rain.


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