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Regions In Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its tourist spots and abundant natural beauty. This regions mostly fall under the hilly territory and location of state is suitable for pleasant visits in summer months.

Himachal Pradesh is situated in north-west of India. It has an area of 55675 sq km. This Indian state is divided into twelve administrative districts with Shimla as capital city. The state has population of about 6,077,500 and 49 cities and towns. More than 85% population lives in villages. Literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh is high with less corruption.

History

The preset area of Himachal Pradesh has a history which date back to the time of Indus Civilization with mainly tribal populations. During Vedic period there was small republics known as Janpadas which later on subjugated by Gupta Empire for a brief period and then again divided into many local powers under local Rajas. These small kingdoms were invaded by Delhi Sultanate and Mahmud Ghaznavi also. The Rajas of these areas combined and chalked out mutually agreed programme in their relations to deal with Moghals to pay tributes. Ranjit Singh in 19th century annexed many of these states.

After the defeat of Gorkhas in British-Gorkha war, British came and made working arrangements with some Rajas and annexed the states of others. This situation remained unchanged till 1947. The 30state joined hands to form Himachal Pradesh in April 1948, after India’s Independence in 1947, and subsequently merged with Indian Union. The present Himachal Pradesh was carved out of Punjab on 1st November 1966. Complete State hood was granted to Himachal Pradesh on 25th January 1971.

Geography

Himachal Pradesh is a part of western Himalayas and mountainous state of India which has lovely climate. Temperature ranges from 7degrees to 28degrees throughout the year. Variation in temperature depends upon the elevation of place. Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by J&K, Punjab, Haryana and Uttarakhand.

The people are friendly, diverse and culturally rich and maintain their well knit society.

Regional Divisions and Information

Geographical divisions of Himachal Pradesh from south to north are:

  1. Shivaliks (Outer Himalayas)

  2. Central zone (Lesser Himalayas)

  3. Great Himalayas & Zaskar (Northern zone)


The main rivers of Himachal Pradesh are:

  1. Ravi

  2. Beas

  3. Chenab

  4. Spiti

  5. Sutlej

  6. Yamuna


Himachal Pradesh also acts as meeting point for the pure streams following through the charming terrains of hills. The main rivers initially carry the melt down water of the glaciers and snow.

The landforms are divided into Slop; micro-climatic; elevation and vegetation. The Trans Himalayan region is moonscape. The severe landscape is a view of high snow-capped peaks. The Lunar rocks are spotted in dusty and high valleys.

The climate at high altitudes is excessive. Rain fall is only 2” per year but the melting snow through rocky streams maintain locale and crops. In summer, greenery all around provides relief to the people at elevated altitudes.  Lahaul and spiti falls within this area.

Kangra valley is longitudinal and situated at the foot of the Dhauladhar (The white peak) range. The greater Himalayas run through eastern boundary and has some famous passes. Zaskar is eastern most range and separates Spiti and Kinnaur from Tibet. Zaskar range is full of glaciers.

The visitors can explore marvelous and unusual holidays here. Northern Zone is ideal place for mountaineering, camping, trekking and for discovering the Buddhist monasteries. Tourists can shop in bazaars, attend local festivals and experience the majesty of lunar landscape. The best time to visit is from June to September so it is an ideal destination for rainy season for tourists of plains.

Protected Areas of State

About 38% of the total area of Himachal Pradesh is forest. Once Forests used to be the main source of Income of the state due to which most of the original forests have been reduced drastically. Government is now emphasizing on conservation and aims to increase cover area of forest to 50% of total land area. The protected areas include various projects for increasing the forest areas.

The remaining forests of Himachal Pradesh have now been nationalized and are being looked after forest service officers. Environmental preservation and development is intensified in Himachal Pradesh. Trees felling and timber sales are controlled by the State Forest Corporation.  Illegal cutting of trees and smuggling of timber are being looked after by an enforcement organization. Illegal hunting is also strictly restricted for wild life conservation.

Districts

District is a geographically administrative unit, which is headed by Deputy Commissioner and assisted by number of other state government officers. The Superintendent of Police is made responsible for maintaining law and order situation of the district and is assisted by the state police service cadre officers.

District Conservator of forests is liable to manage the forest, wild-life and environment concerning issues and is assisted by several wild-life, environment and forest officers of the State. The officers belonging to different state services look after the other various departments like Health, Agriculture, Education, Sports, PWD etc., etc.

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Regions In Himachal Pradesh
Regions In Himachal Pradesh
Regions In Himachal Pradesh
Regions In Himachal Pradesh
Regions In Himachal Pradesh
Regions In Himachal Pradesh

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