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Government And Administration

Covering a total land mass of 21,495 sq mi (55,670 km2), Himachal Pradesh is a magnificent North Indian State that shares its borders with Jammu and Kashmir on the northern front, The State Punjab on the western and south-western Front. On the south east, Himachal is touched by Haryana and its east is bordered to Tibet Autonomous Region on the.

With almost 90 % of population living in urban areas, Himachal stands at the least urbanized state in the entire country. Having said that, Shimla, The state capital has a total of 25% urban population making it the most urban space in Himachal.  The 2005 Transparency International survey revealed that Himachal Pradesh stands front up on the least corrupted state, Second only to Kerala.

Government

The 12 districts of the state are governed and administered by the Government of Himachal Pradesh. The system includes an executive branch which is headed by the Governor of Himachal Pradesh. Moreover a judiciary and a legislative branch is also an integral part of the same.

Himachal Pradesh follows the concept of every other state and is headed by the Governor who is elected by the president after an advice from the central government; The Governor’s post is largely ceremonial. The major portion of the executive power is safe with the Chief Minister. Shimla, The capital city of Himachal Pradesh is the house for the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) as well as secretariat (Writers' Building).Moreover; Shimla also houses the Himachal Pradesh high Court which has a jurisdiction over the entire state. At present, The Legislative Assembly of Himachal is unicameral.

Ministries of Himachal Pradesh

  • Chief Ministry
  • Irrigation & Public Health Ministry           
  • Food, Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs Ministry              
  • MPP & Power Ministry 
  • Forest Ministry
  • Health & Family Welfare Ministry            
  • Industry Ministry            
  • Urban Development Ministry    
  • Excise & Taxation Ministry          
  • Social Justice & Empowerment Ministry

Administration

With a sparse population spread over difficult geographical and topographical terrain, the people of Himachal Pradesh often have to cover long distances to get the administrative work done.  Although, a bunch of things can be executed at the level of Tehsil, But for major works citizens have to reach sub-division or district head quarters. Moreover citizen often have to visit special offices for different sorts of works resulting in extensive consumption of time and wealth. Hence, ICT ( Information Communication Technology ) has to play the significant part in order to ensure services to the extensive rural population. By uniting the entire civilian associated service and information beneath one banner across the various levels of administration such a humungous task can be reduced to reality. Doing this would ease up the process of submitting documents and collection of necessary certificates/ licenses as that could also be completed at places additional to the ones where the actual authorization is to be made. (except where physical presence is necessary as per law).

The government of Himachal Pradesh and their relevant experiments with G2C interfaces has revealed that common men are keen to shell out user charges if they are certain of speedy delivery and if the decision making is objective, hence making the project viable economically. Although some packages are under development, The existence of certain software packages also ensures its technological feasibility which is further enhanced by the presence of sufficient band width (nearly 1/3rd of the total road length in the State has n x 2mbps connectivity) even till the Panchayats level.  At present, the Government of Himachal Pradesh has ordered a right of way policy which paves the road for a bandwidth equal to 2 mbps even at Tehsil/ Block level. The government is also fueling in hardware ad assets to make this a reality.

A cluster of location will be displayed for tenders to cover the persistent cost of manpower and also to cover a minute fraction of the social infrastructure. Asking the bidders for the capital cost of the entire infrastructure would make the project unviable as the small number of population would mean limited numbers of transaction for the State. The personal belongings of the state government’s department and offices would be pooled in if the private bidders fail to appear.

Hindi is being thought of as the preferred language for the contents of The application forms ,touch screen kiosks and web-interface.

With all these things clear, the government plans to setup an i-CoSC centre which would have desktops, Printers, Scanner, Web Camera, UPS for each District. They would cover each and every Tehsil/ Sub-Tehsil, Sub-Divisions and District Headquarter of that particular District. Dial Up connections would provide connectivity to these centers. The data transfer with between the departments and its periodicity would depend on the criticality, connectivity and the volume of the data itself.

These i-CoSC Centers at the Tehsil Level would provide real-time settings for the entire gamut of services that are allowed to be processed at the level of tehsill. The services would be executed once all the required papers are produced by the applicant. However, Services that are either connected with the  Sub-Division level or to the District Headquarter Level, must be used online from the Tehsil centre which would mean that the person may submit an application online for a certain service from Tehsil centre. One may therefore submit the related documents there hence ending the need of going to Sub-Division/ District Headquarter over and over again. On the contrary, the applicant can also avail the status of his request at The Tehsil centre. The applicant may also access the status online or by and SMS on the mobile phone or IVR on PSTN line. A particular date and delivery mode shall also be instructed

These centers will have similar services at all the levels in all the places

Every i-CoSC Centre will be gifted with a touch screen kiosk to provide free of charge access to information. The only cost charged would be that of printing.

A major portion of the project has already been developed by the departments and is working in different parts. The project is planned to upgrade these services and make it accessible to the public at the grater front with a much larger scale. Once the funds are available, the G2C centers can be established to bring better governance in Himachal Pradesh. The state government would be responsible for the arrangement of funds to procure hardware and other requisites.

User charges would also be imposed on people in order to ensure the self sustainability of the project. Experiments in the transport sector at the district level of governance have proved that the citizens are ready to pay the price. However, the government plans to rationalize these services to ensure that they are available to each and every person.

The Deputy Commissioner would head the implementation team at the district level and by the Secretary IT at state level.

Administrative Structure

  • Districts-12
  • Tehsils- 75
  • Subdivisions-52
  • Blocks-75
  • Villages-20118
  • Towns-57

Constituencies Numbers

  • Lok Sabha-4
  • Rajya Sabha-3
  • Assembly constituencies-68

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